Dyspareunia (dys*pa*reu*nia) means painful sexual intercourse. The pain can occur with initial penetration, and/or during thrusting, and/or after intercourse (an after-effect).
What are the causes of sexual pain during intercourse?
- Medical causes, such as vaginal infections, sexually transmitted diseases, skin conditions, hormonal problems, conditions of the intestines or genitals or urinary system
- Physical causes, such as vaginal abrasions, scars, nerve damage, complications from vaginal delivery, size incompatibility
- Functional causes, such as genital irritation due to excessive hygiene or sensitivity to cleansing agents, poor hygiene, friction irritation due to sports such as cycling or horseback riding, insufficient vaginal lubrication
- Psychophysical causes, such as vaginismus, postpartum crisis, interpersonal difficulties, forced sexual encounters
- Breast cancer
- Female (gynecologic) Cancer
- Sjogren’s Syndrome
Dyspareunia can be a source of great conflict and anxiety to the woman who suffers from it, causing marked distress and interpersonal difficulties. Although intercourse is possible, the accompanying pain has been associated with a more negative attitude toward sexuality, with more sexual function impairment, and with lower levels of sexual adjustment.
Unfortunately, many women are putting up with painful intercourse, depriving themselves of the healthy intimacy that should be the cornerstone of their relationship.
Treatment for sexual pain:
- A thorough assessment is imperative in order to identify the particular type of dyspareunia the woman has and to offer the appropriate intervention. The clinician who takes the time to obtain a complete and careful medical, emotional, and sexual evaluation can help resolve most of these problems.
- It is not mandatory that the partner comes along for the sessions unless otherwise instructed.
- Treatment itself is about 2-7 sessions depending on the cause, and rarely more than 10 sessions.
- Read our Insurance page for instructions how to get reimbursed for the treatment.
Contact us for further information, or to schedule an appointment.